The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) on Friday maintained it was still in control of the mines, despite the sector being rocked by wildcat strikes.
The union was criticised for its lack of leadership during widespread unrest, particularly in the North West, where at least 46 people lost their lives during violent strikes at Lonmin's Marikana mine.
Workers also voiced concerns that NUM failed to take up their grievances with mine management.
Some have even opted to join start-up union the Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union (Amcu).
NUM spokesperson Lesiba Seshoka said, "If you look at Gold Fields KDC mine, we were able to go there and tell striking workers to go back to work. We had a similar situation at Bafokeng Rasimone mines."
Strikes then spread to AngloGold Ashanti, with workers there embarking on a wildcat strike.
Mineworkers also downed tools at the Kopanang operation near Carletonville, demanding a R12 500 salary.