Gauteng Premier David Makhura says the province must improve living conditions in many of its townships in order to prevent unrest.
Makhura says better interaction between government and communities will help decrease the number of violent protests reported in Gauteng.
The premier was speaking at the launch of Gauteng's 2013 Quality of Life survey which has revealed high levels of dissatisfaction in townships and informal settlements.
University of the Witwatersrand researchers found that a mistrust of government officials is negatively affecting the quality of life among Gauteng residents, particularly those living in townships.
People in these areas say they feel their opinions are of no concern to those who run the province.
Researchers say the geographic design of Gauteng during apartheid has resulted in the isolation of some communities, many of which are unable to access basic services.
There is also concern that the growing dissatisfaction is behind negative attitudes towards foreigners in many of these communities.